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汉语知识学习第一期:How to use "的"(de)?

旅游孔子学院 2019-05-14 07:59:17

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de

as a tag of attribute in expressions to define the features of subjects followed, such as

美丽měilìde黄金huángjīn海岸hǎiànbeautiful Gold Coast);

优秀yōuxiùde学生xuéshēngexcellent students);

hěnchángdebānvery long Brisbane River

de

as a tag of possessing relationship, such as 

deshūmy books);

哥哥gēgede朋友péngyoubrother's friend);

Aode国歌guógēNational anthem of Australia);

这个zhège学校xuéxiàode学生xuéshēngthis school's students

de

as a tag of attributive to define theplace or time of events or subjects, such as

昨天zuótiānde报纸bàozhǐyesterday's newspaper);

上午shàngwǔ十点shídiǎnde汉语课hànyǔkèChinese lesson of 10 am);

墙上qiángshàngde地图dìtúmap on the wall);

动物园dòngwùyuánde考拉kǎolāKoala in the zoo

de

as a tag of modifier todefine the key words followed, such as

看过的kànguòde电影diànyǐngwatched movies );

新买xīnmǎide字典zìdiǎnnewly-bought dictionary);

预定yùdìngde机票jīpiàobooked flight tickets);

打篮球dǎlánqiúde孩子们háizimenchildren who play basketball

de

is used to refer to a group of peopleor items, such as

送信的sòngxìndepostman);

开出租车的kāichūzūchēdepeople who drive taxi, taxi drivers);

喜欢xǐhuanchī辣的làdeér喜欢xǐhuanchītiánde。(I like eating spicy food, while he has a sweet tooth.);

超市chāoshì买些mǎixiē吃的chīde喝的hēde。(I am going to supermarket to buy something for eating and drinking);

唱歌的chànggēdesingers),跳舞的tiàowǔdedancers

de

is used at the end of a shìde Structure to indicate an affirmative mode, such as 

menshìzàirènshideIt is at Sidney that we met.

zhèyangzuòshìwéide。(It is illegal for him to behave in this way.

ZhèběnshūshìzàiBěijīngmǎide。(It was in Beijing that I bought this book.

今天的小知识就学习到这里,我们下期再见!

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